The MPRE is developed by a drafting committee composed of recognized experts in the area of professional responsibility. Before a test question is selected for inclusion in the MPRE, it undergoes a multistage review process that occurs over the course of several years. Besides intensive review by the drafting committee and testing specialists, each test question is reviewed by other experts. All test questions must successfully pass all reviews before they are included in the MPRE. After an MPRE is administered, the statistical performance of each test question is reviewed and evaluated by content and testing experts before the questions are included in the computation of examinees' scores. This final statistical review is conducted to ensure that each test question is accurate and psychometrically sound.
The performance information provided for the MPRE is a scaled score which ranges from 50 (low) to 150 (high). MPRE scaled scores are calculated by NCBE based on a statistical process known as equating that is commonly used on standardized examinations. This statistical process adjusts raw scores on the current examination to account for differences in difficulty as compared with past examinations. Equating makes it possible to compare scaled scores across test administrations because any particular scaled score will represent the same level of knowledge/performance from one test date to another. Equating helps to ensure that no examinee is unfairly penalized or rewarded for taking a more or less difficult form of the test. Because the adjustment of scores during equating is examination-specific (i.e., based on the level of difficulty of the current examination as compared to previous examinations), it is not possible to determine in advance of the test how many questions an examinee must answer correctly to achieve a specific scaled score.
If an applicant is unable to take the examination on the scheduled test date and wishes to reschedule, or does not attain a passing score on the MPRE and wishes to retake the exam, the applicant must complete the registration process for another scheduled examination and pay the full prescribed fee.
The MPRE is required for admission to the bars of all but two U.S. jurisdictions (Wisconsin and Puerto Rico). (In addition, Connecticut and New Jersey accept successful completion of a law school course on professional responsibility in lieu of a passing score on the MPRE.) Because MPRE requirements vary from one jurisdiction to another, examinees are advised to check with the bar admission agency in the jurisdiction to which they seek admission before registering for the MPRE.
Questions regarding admission tickets and test center assignments should be directed to LSAC at 215-504-3886 or at MPREinfo@LSAC.org.
The transition from paper to computer will occur in phases beginning in August 2019. The MPRE will be completely computer-based beginning in 2020.
Registration for 2019 MPRE test dates opens on December 10, 2018.
For the August 2019 and November 2019 administrations, up to 5,000 examinees will be selected at random to take the computer-based exam at a Pearson VUE testing center; all other examinees will take the paper-based exam at an LSAC testing center. Beginning in 2020, all examinees will take the computer-based exam at a Pearson VUE testing center.
Up to 5,000 examinees will be selected at random to take the exam via computer-based testing for the August 2019 exam and up to 5,000 for the November 2019 exam.
Careful planning has gone into converting the MPRE from a paper-based to a computer-based delivery platform. A phased approach is recommended by experts in testing to help ensure a smooth transition.
Computer-based testing has many benefits, including convenience, increased consistency in testing center environments, and enhanced test security.
There is no difference in the question format, content, scoring, or score release timing of the MPRE.
Yes. The only difference between the computer-based MPRE and the paper-based MPRE will be the delivery platform. No matter how the test is delivered, NCBE analyzes and equates scores so that they accurately reflect examinee performance and can be compared meaningfully with scores achieved on other administrations of the exam. During the transition to computer-based testing, NCBE will continue to analyze all exam results for accuracy and comparability of scores regardless of the delivery platform.
The MBE is administered by state bar admission authorities and not by NCBE. There are no plans at this time to convert the MBE to computer-based testing.
No. As part of the registration process, examinees will be selected at random to take the exam in either a computer-based or a paper-based format.
You will be notified during the MPRE registration process.
No. For more information about requesting accommodations for the MPRE, visit the Test Accommodations page on our website.
In order to ensure a smooth transition, we cannot accommodate individual requests to take the exam using a different delivery platform.
Each jurisdiction determines its own passing score on the MPRE. Any questions about admission requirements pertaining to MPRE scores should be directed to the bar admission agency in the jurisdiction to which an examinee is applying. Contact information for jurisdictions can be found in the Jurisdiction Information section of our website.
NCBE reports MPRE scores to the jurisdiction designated by the examinee in registration for the MPRE approximately five weeks after the examination. Examinees who would like to have their MPRE scores sent to other jurisdictions must submit a request to NCBE for an MPRE Score Report. All MPRE score services requests must be submitted through the examinee’s NCBE Account.
If you did not have an NCBE account when you sat for the exam, create an account to request score services. We will locate your score using other pieces of biographic information. You must have provided sufficient biographic information on your answer sheet at the time you tested. NCBE may refuse to provide score services if your scores cannot be identified with confidence.
Examinees who would like the scoring of their MPRE answer sheets rechecked by hand may request an MPRE Score Verification. Score verification requests must be submitted to NCBE within two months of the original test date. All MPRE score services requests must be submitted through the examinee’s NCBE Account.
MPRE scores will be released to examinees in the File Cabinet of your NCBE Account approximately five weeks after the examination.